Volume 5, Issue 3, June 2020, Page: 83-93
Question-to-Learn Science in Higher Education: A Quantitative Study
Lars Bengtsson, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
Received: Apr. 22, 2020;       Accepted: May 27, 2020;       Published: Jun. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.her.20200503.13      View  127      Downloads  56
Abstract
This work reports the results of a case study where traditional activities in an engineering/science classroom, such as demonstrations and self-paced activities, were compared with ‘writing across the curriculum” (WAC) activities. One group did writing-to-learn assignments and one group did our seminal construct ‘question-to-learn’ where they designed exam problems for their peers. A model is presented which describes the parameters that influence the exam score outcome. Some of these variables were carefully controlled during the project (labs, textbook, lecturer) and some other parameters were measured (lecture attendance, time-on-task and previous knowledge) in order to minimize data corruption due to confounding variables. The main parameter of interest, the ‘predictor’ of the exam score was the extra-curricular activity. A pre-test and a post-test were also conducted in order to establish the students relative gain. We also tested the hypothesis of using the quality of the students’ WAC outputs as a predictor of academic achievements. Data is analyzed both with parametric and non-parametric methods and results show that there was no significant difference between the groups on exam scores and that the relationship between WAC quality and exam scores is not significant. The main reason for the non-significant results is concluded to be due to low participation rates and too low “dosage”.
Keywords
Writing-Across-the-Curriculum, Writing-to-Learn, Question-to-Learn, Higher Order Thinking Skills
To cite this article
Lars Bengtsson, Question-to-Learn Science in Higher Education: A Quantitative Study, Higher Education Research. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 83-93. doi: 10.11648/j.her.20200503.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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